In the mustard-seed we saw the kingdom growing great by its inherent vitality; in the leaven we see it growing great by a contagious influence. Plutarch voices this ancient view of the matter when he speaks of it as "itself the offspring of corruption, and corrupting the mass of dough with which it is mixed." The first occurrence is in the parable of the leaven ( Matt 13:33 ; Luke 13:20-21 ). Leaven causes dough to rise, but the process takes time. Jesus' point is that the small, insignificant beginnings of God's reign in himself will one day be great. Rabbinical writers regularly use leaven as a symbol of evil (Lightfoot). 8-10) and his encouragement that the Holy Spirit will assist them in times of persecution (vv. It is a figure also of corruptness and of perverseness of heart and life (Matthew 16:6, 11; Mark 8:15; 1 Corinthians 5:7, 8). 8. In this respect it is used to illustrate the growth of the kingdom of heaven both in the individual heart and in the world (Matthew 13:33). The same proverbial citation and symbolism occur in 1 Corinthians 5. A natural reason for the prohibition, like that of the similar exclusion of honey, is sought on the ground that fermentation implied a process of corruption. the corrupt doctrine) of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees," (Matthew 16:6) and St. Paul, when he speaks of the "old leaven." After Jesus' curt statement that no sign will be given to this generation, he and his disciples sail across the Sea of Galilee. First, the kingdom of God may have small beginnings, but it will increase. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. (KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV), Matthew 16:12Then understood they how that he bade them not beware of the leaven of bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees. Answer: The Bible mentions leaven, or yeast, in several contexts. The chemical definition of ferment or yeast is "a substance in a state of putrefaction, the atoms of which are in a continual motion.". "Entry for 'LEAVEN'". 4. All of our offerings to … The way Matthew presents the whole scene, with the explicit use of teaching in verse 12, seems to focus the meaning of leaven in his Gospel on the attitude of the rejection of Jesus by the Pharisees and Sadducees. Nowack, Hebrew Arch., II, 145; Talmud, Berakhoth, 17a; Lightfoot, Hor. The use of leaven was strictly forbidden in all offerings made to the Lord by fire ( Leviticus 2:11 ; 7:12 ; 8:2 ; Numbers 6:15 ). Hebrews seor (Exodus 12:15, 19; 13:7; Leviticus 2:11), the remnant of dough from the preceding baking which had fermented and become acid. For the historical explanation given in the Scriptures, see especially Exodus 12:34-39; Exodus 13:3;; Deuteronomy 16:3. In the ensuing discussion ( 8:16-21 ) it is apparent that the attitude that Jesus is warning about is that of blindness toward his identity as the Messiah. ... Galatians 5:9 A little leaven leaveneth the whole lump. Matthew clarifies with Jesus' statement (v. 12) that the disciples finally understood that Jesus was referring to the teaching (didache [didachv]) of the Pharisees and Sadducees. ... Book XII. The most prominent idea associated with leaven in connection with the corruption which it had undergone,a nd which it communicated to bread in the process of fermentation. The noun occurs eleven times, and the verb four times. The meaning is essentially the same as in Mark, but Mark's sensitivity to the struggle of the disciples to perceive Jesus' identity as symbolized in the two process miracles is not present in Matthew. .../h/heed.htm - 36k, Meal-offering (120 Occurrences)... Leviticus 2:11 No meal-offering, which ye shall offer unto Jehovah, shall be made with leaven; for ye shall burn no leaven, nor any honey, as an offering made .../m/meal-offering.htm - 40k, Cakes (65 Occurrences)... ate. Proud member lev'-n (se'or, chamets; zume; Latin fermentum): The nomadic ancestors of the Hebrews, like the Bedouin of today, probably made their bread without leaven; but leaven came to play a great part in their bread-making, their law and ritual, and their religious teaching (see Exodus 12:15,19; 13:7; Leviticus 2:11; Deuteronomy 16:4; Matthew 13:33; 16:6-12; Mark 8:15; Luke 12:1; 13:21). In Leviticus 23:4-8 God proclaims that we are to observe seven days in the spring in the northern hemisphere (in the first month of the year on the Hebrew calendar) during which avoiding leaven and eating unleavened bread has deep spiritual meaning. The figurative uses of leaven in the New Testament, no less than with the rabbins, reflect the ancient view of it as "corrupt and corrupting," in parts at least, e.g. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV), Deuteronomy 16:4And there shall be no leavened bread seen with thee in all thy coast seven days; neither shall there any thing of the flesh, which thou sacrificedst the first day at even, remain all night until the morning. Concerning the Leaven of the Pharisees. It describes a progression of corruption that escalates in the end. THE LEAVEN. Jesus' Knowledge of the Heart. Here, leaven symbolizes sin that defiles the believer and disrupts the church's worship of God. Paul makes his point that just as at the Passover ancient Israel was instructed to remove any leaven from their homes, so now the church, believing Israel, must remove all sin and evil in order to worship God in the observance of the new Passover of the Lord's Supper. In the New Testament the noun for "leaven" is zume [zuvmh] and the verb for "to leaven" is zumoo [zumovw]. ... /.../chadwick/the gospel of st mark/chapter 8 11-21 the leaven of.htm, The Leaven Figurative Like the Water Spoken of by Jesus to the ... ... Book XII. (Root in KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV), Leviticus 6:17It shall not be baked with leaven. [5585 ... /.../origens commentary on the gospel of matthew/5 concerning the leaven of.htm, The Leaven. Thus, in the New Testament leaven signifies wickedness and malice in contrast to sincerity and truth. Hobert K. Farrell. In the boat Jesus warns them about leaven, really meaning the attitude or perspective of the Pharisees and Herod. Jesus' Knowledge of the Heart. (2.) (KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV), Luke 13:21It is like yeast, which a woman took and hid in three measures of flour, until it was all leavened. 8; L. Morris, 1 Corinthians; R. Young, Analytical Concordance to the Bible. In what is probably his earliest letter, Paul cites the proverbial statement, "A little yeast works through the whole batch of dough" ( Gal 5:9 ). Various substances were known to have fermenting qualities; but the ordinary leaven consisted of a lump of old dough in a high state of fermentation, which was mixed into the mass of dough prepared for baking. And significantly, after Jesus performs a second remarkable process miracle of Jesus' healing the blind man (vv. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV), Exodus 12:20You shall eat nothing leavened. 1915. (DBY). Christ said that the kingdom of heaven could be likened unto leaven (or yeast), which a woman took and ... /.../anonymous/mother stories from the new testament/the parable of the leaven.htm, Concerning the Leaven of the Pharisees. Mustard Seed and Leaven. ... /hebrew/2557.htm - 6k, 4682. matstsah -- unleavened bread or cake... 3). (YLT). Two exceptions to this rule should be noted (Leviticus 7:13; compare Amos 4:5): "leavened bread" was an accompaniment of the thank offering as leavened loaves were used also in the wave offering of Leviticus 23:17. ... 21 It is like unto leaven, which a woman took and hid in three measures of meal, till it was all leavened. 4-5). The most prominent idea associated with leaven in connection with the corruption which it had undergone,a nd which it communicated to bread in the process of fermentation. Rabbinical writers regularly use leaven as a symbol of evil (Lightfoot). Know ye not that a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump? 'The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven, which a woman took, and bid to three measures of meal, till the whole was leavened. Exodus .../c/cakes.htm - 26k, Meat-offering (111 Occurrences)... Leviticus 2:11 No meat-offering which ye shall bring to the LORD shall be made withleaven: for ye shall burn no leaven, nor any honey, in any offering of the .../m/meat-offering.htm - 40k, Leaveneth (2 Occurrences)... 1 Corinthians 5:6 Your glorying is not good. ... And He charged them, saying, Take heed, beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and the leaven of Herod. ... Sabbath Healing. From matsats in the sense of greedily devouring for sweetness; properly, sweetness; concretely ... /hebrew/4682.htm - 6k, Leaven ... LEAVEN. Following this Luke includes Jesus' words about acknowledging him before men (vv. In the Parable of the Leaven, we learn several things about the working of the kingdom in our present age. is a matter inviting restudy. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV), Leviticus 10:12And Moses spake unto Aaron, and unto Eleazar and unto Ithamar, his sons that were left, Take the meat offering that remaineth of the offerings of the LORD made by fire, and eat it without leaven beside the altar: for it is most holy:(KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV), Leviticus 23:17Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals; they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baked with leaven; they are the firstfruits unto the LORD. Eager, 2220. zumoo -- to leaven ... to leaven. 3. God forbade either leaven or honey to be offered to him in his temple, Le 2:11. In some contexts, the reference to leaven is obviously literal; in other contexts, leaven takes on symbolic connotations. ... IV. Thus, Jesus' warning about the leaven of the Pharisees in Luke seems to stress preparation for times of persecution. (1.) 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