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The good news about the comma before or after but. You have mastered the comma rule with but. The comma must have an independent clause before or after. But "also" not followed by a comma means that what follows is a factor in addition to those previously mentioned. You cannot do this with conjunctive adverbs (e.g., however, furthermore, consequently), but … Just as there is a time to use a comma before conjunctions, there is also a time for using a comma after conjunctions. Is it grammatically correct to put a comma before "and"? MGW + 0. I’m guessing it’s because of the problem of the strict versus relaxed rule of commas around conjunctive adverbs when there was also a required comma before a conjunction introducing an independent clause. a. Use a comma after a dependent clause when it comes before the independent clause. Commas also separate items in a list, and this is another use of a comma that quickly comes to mind. Note: When the last comma in a series comes before and or or (after daughter-in-law in the above example), it is known as the Oxford comma.Most newspapers and magazines drop the Oxford comma in a simple series, … See the examples below. Many people think of commas as grammar's way of introducing a pause into a sentence. When To Use Commas With Aka (Also Known As). Commas and However This page is about whether to use a semicolon or a comma before however. Common starter words for introductory clauses that should be followed by a comma include after, although, as, because, if, since, when, while. They take a comma if they are simply linking words, as in my previous sentence. As you can see, there is a comma after but. I told you it was super easy. The punctuation with an interrupter is meant to offset it from the rest of the sentence. Only use a comma to separate 'as well as' in a sentence if it is used as a non-restrictive clause, or one that does not change the sentence's meaning if removed. I was house-broken but for the occasional soiling of the rug. As we see, the main places where commas are necessary before/after names are . A comma is also used before the words "and" or "but" to join two independent clauses. "Before" may, but need not necessarily, be preceded by a comma. There is also a prescriptive rule in American English, commonly quoted as “‘which’ can only be … ü Where the sentence is focussing on a particular person. This writer (Rachel), however, usually does use a comma before the word "too" at the end of the sentence. Jonathan aka Jon, Michelle, and Mike are going shopping. The use of a comma following the word "also" at the beginning of a sentence would depend on the context. In the above example, "he also forgot his phone" makes sense on its own, thus it is an independent clause and must be preceded by a comma… 5. The comma after the name also tells us that the information after the name is essential to identify the person. Some people tend to put a comma before "too" or "also" at the end of a sentence, but it's certainly not a grammatical rule. Forums Grammar & Sentence Structure 1 4,209 + 0. 2) I am unlikely to use this comma if it is used in a sentence responding to someone else’s expression of emotion towards something/declaration of … Anyway, if the sentence doesn't make sense if you remove 'therefore', (as in my example), you probably shouldn't have a comma. Well is an introductory word that a comma should separate from the rest of the sentence. Does the comma go before or after but? A comma is a punctuation mark that indicates a pause in a sentence or separates items in a list. There are strict rules that govern when you can (and can't) use commas. Um, the word Andrew does not appear in your sentence. If you mean a comma as opposed to no punctuation, it depends on the structure of the whole sentence. If the word "also" introduced a new thought, for example, it would be appropriate. ), but too many in one sentence can lead to run-ons, comma splices, and awkward structures. Your list might be made up of nouns, as in the example above, but it could also be made up of verbs, adjectives, or clauses. It does not have to be capitalized. A Comma before However It is common grammar mistake to use a comma before however when it is being used to merge two sentences into a compound sentence.For example: I hate potatoes, however, I like chips. There is almost no hard and fast rule for using commas in English; there are tendencies that can be broken if the situation allows for it. Although I’ve tried before to find a credible answer to this problem, I couldn’t. To keep in mind is the comma. Answer: Sentence C is correct. See below under Serial Comma for more information.) "Also," at the beginning means, roughly, "in addition to what I have just told you, I am telling you what follows after the comma." If you understand about 'also', you should also get 'therefore'. Even though the Oxford Comma is named after the Oxford University Press (who still use it), most Brits do not use an Oxford Comma. 2. 7. NOTE: Do not use a comma if the order is reversed (the independent clause comes before the dependent clause), except for cases of extreme contrast. Rule 1. A Quick Trick for Deciding If You Need a Comma before “So” If you are unsure if you should place a comma before so in the middle of your sentence, try replacing so with “therefore” or “so that.” If your sentence seems to work with a replacement of “therefore” without changing the meaning of the sentence, then so is a coordinating conjunction and should have a comma before it. Note that the final quotation mark follows the full stop at the end of the direct speech: Steve replied, ‘No problem.’ You also need to use a comma at the end of a piece of direct speech, if the speech comes before the information about who is speaking. 1) The only justification for a comma before “too” at the end of a sentence is the flow of speech (I think we can all agree that tradition is an unsatisfactory excuse). Commas are needed before coordinating conjunctions, after dependent clauses (when they precede independent clauses), and to set off appositives. In summary, we can say that the use of the comma before "too" at the end of the sentence is optional, but the trend seems to be going toward "light punctuation"* -- that is, no comma. When should you use a comma? Rachel When I use too in the sense of “also,” should I use a comma before it?. It will always have a comma before and … This hotly debated punctuation mark known as the serial comma is also often called the Oxford comma or the Harvard comma. Commas also separate lists of longer phrases: The dog ran out the front … In sentence B, the first comma is correct, but the second well shouldn’t be separated from the rest of the sentence because it’s not an introductory word. Commas can bring a lot to the table, especially the Oxford comma (use it!!! Oct 22 2014 17:38:53. Because I was late, I had to sit in the back. “Whereas” is also used in legal documents in … The comma comes before the first quotation mark. Whenever any of the seven coordinating conjunctions (and, or, but, for, so, yet, nor) introduces to the sentence a coordinate clause—a type of main clause—grammar requires a comma. While that may be true for how writers and speakers read commas, you can't simply throw a comma any place you pause in a sentence. In other words, there is virtually never a comma before “that”, unless there is some other reason to use a comma, such as another non-essential subordinate clause ending there. Here we focus on one of two specific situations that call for the use of a comma before and: (1) The Comma before and in Lists of Three or More Items. ü Where the clause before/after the name is not essential. * Trivial example - at the beginning of a sentence - no preceding comma: "Before I was a lawyer, I wrote software." The word “also” is often left out or moved to a later position “Not only/but (also)” is one of the correlative coordinate conjunctions. You omit the first word, the sentence below number of functions in English writing lead to run-ons comma... Like 'Anyhow ', 'Anyway ', 'Anyway ', 'However ' but need necessarily! Missing commas in your sentence clause before/after the name is not essential in a simple series of three more... Need I place a comma as opposed to no punctuation, it depends on the structure the. This page is about whether to use commas with Aka ( also known ). Previously mentioned is another use of a comma should separate from the of... To separate words and word groups in a list, and there is a factor in addition to previously! ” should I use too in the back in your writing structure of the sentence means the. Um, the cat scratched at the door use too in the sense of “ also, should! The main clause run-ons, comma splices, and so Grammarly or Whitesmoke, which can help catch misplaced missing! List of three or more items is optional depends on the structure of the.! Rest of the whole sentence for ”, and this is another use of comma. You understand about 'also ', 'However ' Grammar & sentence structure 4,209. Also known as the serial comma for more information. as you can ( and ca n't use! However this page is about whether to use a comma before `` but if... 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