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It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. They are deep brown from head to rump, with the forequarters being almost reddish. The Nilgiri marten (Martes gwatkinsii) is the only marten species native to southern India. According to the IUCN Red List, the total population size of Nilgiri martens is around 1,000 mature individuals. Nilgiri martens play an important role in their ecosystem: the seeds they eat as part of their varied diet are eventually dispersed throughout the forest by way of feces. It lives in the hills of the Nilgiris and parts of the Western Ghats. It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. According to the IUCN Red List, the total population size of Nilgiri martens is around 1,000 mature individuals. [4][5][6][7][8][9], The Nilgiri marten is diurnal. They also feed on a variety of fruits and seeds. They are social and spend their time and even hunt in groups. Currently, this species is classified as Vulnerable (VU) on the IUCN Red … The elusive Nilgiri marten is the only marten species found in India. [10][2] It has also been observed feeding on a variety of fruits and seeds. [2] It is about 55–65 cm (22–26 in) long from head to vent and has a tail of 40–45 cm (16–18 in). The main threats to Nilgiri martens include habitat conversion for construction of roads and dams. It lives in the hills of the Nilgiris and parts of the Western Ghats. [11], "Mustelids, Viverrids and Herpestids of India: Species Profile and Conservation Status", "Lesser Known Carnivores of the Western Ghats", "Recent sightings and habitat characteristics of the endemic Nilgiri Marten, Photographs: Close encounters in the wild, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nilgiri_marten&oldid=986841296, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 09:38. It is usually found in the hills of Nilgiris and parts of the Western Ghats. 2. Little is know about the mating system and reproductive behavior in Nilgiri martens. They are distributed from the Travancore Kerala, Nilgiris, Kodagu north up to the Charmadi ghats, Karnataka. The Nilgiri marten (Martes gwatkinsii) is the only marten species native to southern India. Nilgiri martens live in evergreen forests and montane forest-grassland mosaics. The rare animal mainly inhabits the shola grassland and high altitude evergreen forests. It is omnivorous and preys on birds, small mammals and insects such as cicadas. The marten's English common name is derived from the Nilgiri Hills that form the center of its range, but sightings have been reported as far north as Charmadi Ghat and as far south as the Neyyar and Peppara Wildlife Sanctuaries. As of now, it has been listed ‘Vulnerable’ on the IUCN Red List. They are similar in appearance to the Yellow-throated marten but only larger and have a prominent frontal concavity. It weighs about 2.1 kg (4.6 lb). They also occur in tea, acacia, coffee, cardamom, and wattle plantations. The Nilgiri marten is the only marten species native to the southern part of India. Nilgiri martens are found in southern India. Currently, this species is classified as Vulnerable (VU) on the IUCN Red List but its numbers today are stable. And montane forest-grassland mosaics ground occasionally ranges in color from yellow to orange inhabits! The only marten species native to southern India this species is classified as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red.... Vulnerable ’ on the IUCN Red List, the total population size of martens... In Nilgiri martens are omnivorous and preys on birds, small mammals and such... The Nilgiris and parts of the Western Ghats VU ) on the Red! 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