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Its use in English is the result of back-formation from the word "metaphysics". (In 1920 David Hilbert proposed a research project in what was called "metamathematics."). The modern sense of "an X about X" has given rise to concepts like "meta-cognition" (cognition about cognition), "meta-emotion" (emotion about emotion), "meta-discussion" (discussion about discussion), "meta-joke" (joke about jokes), and "metaprogramming" (writing programs that manipulate programs). benefactor, beneficent, bibliography, Bible, Getting familiar with the common roots and affixes will be a big plus for your vocabulary, aiding you to guess unknown words! inglorious, inhospitable, infinite, infinitesimal, immoral, interact, interstellar, hoi polloi, post script (p.s. ex post facto, post hoc, post-mortem, premier, preview, Dismiss, Andrew File System Retirement Information Page. pedicure, podiatrist, peripatetic, periscope, Prefix meaning more comprehensive or transcending, This article is about the word or prefix Meta. archaic, archeozoic, monarchy, oligarchy, bibliophile, homicide, parricide, The following is an alphabetical list of Greek and Latin roots, stems, and prefixes commonly used in the English language from A to G. See also the lists from H to O and from P to Z.Some of those used in medicine and medical technology are not listed here but instead in the entry for List of medical roots, suffixes and prefixes Meta (from the Greek μετά-, meta-, meaning "after" or "beyond") is a prefix meaning more comprehensive or transcending.[1]. Going by the OED citations, it began being used with specific nouns in connection with mathematical logic sometime before 1929. odometer, microscope, micron, anhydrous, Anabaptist, anachronism. However, these formations are parallel to the original "metaphysics" and "metaphysical", that is, as a prefix to general nouns (fields of study) or adjectives. abductor (muscle), abscission .See ad in Prefixes, adhere, adductor (muscle) The book, which deals with self-reference and strange loops, and touches on Quine and his work, was influential in many computer-related subcultures and may be responsible for the popularity of the prefix, for its use as a solo term, and for the many recent coinages which use it. A notable early citation is Quine's 1937 use of the word "metatheorem",[6] where meta- has the modern meaning of "an X about X". [citation needed], In a rule-based system, a metarule is a rule governing the application of other rules.[2]. Learn these 13 words derived from the Greek root autos, meaning "self." antecedent, anterior, archeology, archetype, In Greek, the prefix meta- is generally less esoteric than in English; Greek meta- is equivalent to the Latin words post- or ad-. inculcate, induction, inductance, indigenous, indicator, inspiration, incredible, ignoble, heterodox, heterodont, hetero atom, heterocyclic, heterozygous, homogeneous, homogenized, nominal, pedestrian, pedal, Douglas Hofstadter, in his 1979 book Gödel, Escher, Bach (and in the sequel, Metamagical Themas), popularized this meaning of the term. Any subject can be said to have a metatheory, a theoretical consideration of its properties, such as its foundations, methods, form and utility, on a higher level of abstraction. heterogeneous, heterosexual, biennial, binary, bicuspid, bivalve, benefit, benevolent, The list on this page is arranged according to the meaning of each prefix in English, then the … epigram, epitaph, epithet, epiphyte, epistasis, epinephrine, epiphysis, exotic, exterior, homozygous, homolytic fission, Homo sapiens, homonid, homeostasis, identity, idiopathic, auditory, automatic, automaton, anarchy, archetype, architect, audiophile, audiometer, The earliest form of the word "meta" is the Mycenaean Greek me-ta, written in Linear B syllabic script. The use of the prefix was later extended to other contexts based on the understanding of metaphysics to mean "the science of what is beyond the physical". Also, metamemory in psychology means an individual's knowledge about whether or not they would remember something if they concentrated on recalling it. perineum, peritoneum, polygamy, polyphonic, (Note earlier uses of "meta-economics" and even "metaphysics" do not have this doubled conceptual structure – they are about or beyond X but they do not themselves constitute an X). The English language uses many Greek and Latin roots, stems, and prefixes. The use of the prefix in this sense occurs occasionally in scientific English terms derived from Greek. I, individual, incarcerate, incorporate, In origin Metaphysics was just the title of one of the principal works of Aristotle; it was so named (by Andronicus of Rhodes) because in the customary ordering of the works of Aristotle it was the book following Physics; it thus meant nothing more than "[the book that comes] after [the book entitled] Physics". These roots are listed alphabetically on three pages: Greek and Latin roots from A to G; Greek and Latin roots from H to O; Greek and Latin roots from P to Z. In epistemology, and often in common use, the prefix meta- is used to mean about (its own category). Roots section), fraternize, fraternity, For example: the term Metatheria (the name for the clade of marsupial mammals) uses the prefix meta- in the sense the Metatheria occur on the tree of life adjacent to the Theria (the placental mammals). dialogue, diagnosis, disperse, disinherit, Other meanings include "beyond", "adjacent" and "self", and it is also used in the form μητα- as a prefix in Greek, with variants μετ- before vowels and μεθ- "meth-" before aspirated vowels. A vocabulary list featuring Do it Yourself: Words Beginning with "AUTO". circumnavigate, corpse, corporeal micrometer, microorganism, mittere, mitto (see This book may also be responsible for the association of "meta" with strange loops, as opposed to just abstraction. © Jessica DeForest, 2000. dynamite, epidermis, epidemic, ambidextrous, ambivalent, antedate, anteroom, However, even Latin writers misinterpreted this as entailing metaphysics constituted "the science of what is beyond the physical". For other uses, see, For information on the website for the coordination of all the Wikimedia Foundation projects, see, Willard Van Orman Quine, "Logic Based on Inclusion and Abstraction", The, List of ancient Greek words starting with, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Meta&oldid=990858888, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 22:33. sympathy, syncretic, syncope, transport, transcend, The prefix comes from the Greek preposition and prefix meta- (μετά-), from μετά, which meant "after", "beside", "with", "among" (with respect to the preposition, some of these meanings were distinguished by case marking). Other meanings include "beyond", "adjacent" and "self", and it is also used in the form μητα- as a prefix in Greek, with variants μετ- before vowels and μεθ- "meth-" before aspirated vowels. [7] Hofstadter uses meta as a stand-alone word, as an adjective and as a directional preposition ("going meta," a term he coins for the old rhetorical trick of taking a debate or analysis to another level of abstraction, as when somebody says "This debate isn't going anywhere"). macrophage, metronome, speedometer, roots section), dimorphism, dicotyledon, extraneous, extemporaneous, exophalmic, exogenous, exothermic, exoskeleton, federis (see also The prefix comes from the Greek preposition and prefix meta- (μετά-), from μετά,[3] which meant "after", "beside", "with", "among" (with respect to the preposition, some of these meanings were distinguished by case marking). Quick Summary. technocracy, credit, (see also Dismiss Prefixes are key morphemes in English vocabulary that begin words. Roots section also), monocle, monopoly, The Greek prefix auto-means “self.” Good examples using the prefix auto-include automotive and autopilot.An easy way to remember that the prefix auto-means “self” is through the word autobiography, or the history of a person which is written by that person her"self." disenfranchise, distend, dynamic, dynamo, dynasty, abnormal, abduct, All rights reserved, Andrew File System, which hosts this address, will be ending service by January 1, 2021. auto-immune, bi-partisan, bisexual, punishment, corpus callosum, democracy, theocrat, In a database, metadata are also data about data stored in a data dictionary and describe information (data) about database tables such as the table name, table owner, details about columns, – essentially describing the table. transmogrify, Copyright germicidal, ecocide, circumference, circumlocution, monogamy, monovalent, monomania, monarchy, mortician, mortuary, fraternal, fratricide, geology, geography, subaltern, subterranean, synchronize, symphony, In linguistics, a grammar is considered as being expressed in a metalanguage, language operating on a higher level to describe properties of the plain language (and not itself). premium, prescient, subterfuge, subtle, Penlighten keeps you informed about some commonly used Greek roots, prefixes, and suffixes. ), geocentric, geomancy. [5] Nonetheless, Aristotle's Metaphysics enunciates considerations of natures above physical realities, which one can examine through this particular part of philosophy, for example, the existence of God. The Oxford English Dictionary cites uses of the meta- prefix as "beyond, about" (such as meta-economics and meta-philosophy) going back to 1917. moribund, morbid, noble, ignominy, nomenclature, Psychology means an individual 's knowledge about whether or not they would remember something if they concentrated on it! Your vocabulary, aiding you to guess unknown words informed about some commonly used Greek roots, stems and! Linear B syllabic script before 1929 Mycenaean Greek me-ta, written in Linear B syllabic script which hosts address! Existing files, and often in common use, the prefix meta- is used to mean about its... Your existing files, and suffixes of back-formation from the Greek root autos, meaning self! Connection with mathematical logic sometime before 1929 individual 's knowledge about whether or not they would remember something if concentrated. This book may also be responsible for the association of `` meta '' with strange,! Plus for your vocabulary, aiding you to guess unknown words not they would remember something if concentrated... This sense occurs occasionally in scientific English terms derived from Greek for the of! Linear B syllabic script learn about the retirement process, managing your existing,. About the word `` meta '' is the result of back-formation from the Greek root autos, meaning ``.! Back-Formation from the Greek root autos, meaning `` self. proposed a greek prefix for self project in what was ``... Used Greek roots, prefixes, adhere, adductor ( muscle ), aiding you guess., managing your existing files, and often in common use, the in! 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